discussion and 2 replies

I don’t understand this History question and need help to study.

4. Discussion: Today the West possesses a strong tradition of religious toleration which was absent earlier in our history. How did the West respond to religious minorities within (Jews and Cathars) and neighbors of differing faiths (Muslims and Pagans) during the Middle Ages? What role did religious and political/military leaders play in perpetuating religious intolerance?

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I need a citation from this book (i don’t have it)

Western Civilization: A Brief History, Vol. I: to 1715, Jackson Spielvogel, 9th ed.

2 replies:

The “vibrant” changes and reforms to happen to the church during the high middle ages was the elimination of “lay investiture” (Spielvogel 232). Pope Gregory VII went up against Henry IV to separate the church from the grasp of the crown. It was not recognized until a new king and a new pope made a compromise. At this time it was also the beginning of Cistercian ideals which broke off from the benedictine ideal of discipline (Spielvogel 234). Some of the biggest changes of the church was the “religious enthusiasm that seized Europe”(Spielvogel 239). This being the crusades, “a curious mix of god and warfare” (Spielvogel 239). These wars were based off the idea of culling the non-believers from earth and purifying the Christian religion. Another change was the Persecution of the Jews. They were seen as “Murderers of Christ” (Spielvogel 239), and should marked to distinguish themselves from everyone else. ” the new image of the hated Jew stimulated a tradition of antisemitism that proved to be one the Christian Europe’s most insidious contributions to the western heritage”(Spielvogel 239). Not a good change in the lifetime of the church going from accepting all to “our side, your side”. Then over the next century many more crusades were to happen. But on a lighter note some sects of the Church “Franciscans and Dominicans emerged that had a profound impact on the lives of ordinary people” (Spielvogel 234). The Church went through a very big change during this time some aspects helped people and allowed for the growth of new ideas while some changes allowed for bigger wars over decades to happen.

2. There were a couple vibrant changes and reforms that the Roman Catholic Church went through. A big change was the issue of lay investiture. According to the text book, lay investiture is “the practice by which secular rulers both chose and invested their nominees to church offices with the symbols of their office (232). This change was held by Gregory VII who planned on appointing his own clergy once the reform was successful. Gregory VII ended up running into trouble with Henry IV, since they both had to fight over who became the leader. Henry IV believed that for years kings were always supposed to appoint their clergy. Another change was the Cluniac reform which was for the idea of the Benedictine rule. Once the idea traveled from place to place, many different monasteries began to ditch their traditional views and pick up the Cluniac way of things (232). The Cistercian monasticism also became quite popular over a short amount of time. This was because many monks were unhappy with the amount of discipline their monastery had. They spent a lot of time doing manual labor and praying. This was different than the traditional views of the Benedictine Monk. The Benedictine Monk spent hours upon hours praying to God (234).

discussion and 2 replies

discussion and 2 replies.

Help me study for my Marketing class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

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Read Social Media ROI for Business: Facebook Versus LinkedIn and answer the following question:

Based on the article, which of the two social media sites, Facebook or LinkedIn, do you feel has the best ROI for a business? Defend your stance by providing examples and information to support your position.

Reply 1: Bailey Clark

In short, the article Social Media ROI for Business: Facebook versus LinkedIn labeled the two social media outlets as personal versus professional. Facebook is labeled to be more of a personal outlet to connect with people, post pictures and even update life events. LinkedIn is labeled as a professional outlet that focuses on business relationships, brand updates, and economic news. Both are considered to be networking sites but in different ways.

With all of this said, I actually see Facebook as the leading social media site for the best ROI for business between the two. The reason being, Facebook is a much more popular social media site for mass media consumption which in return could give a business a greater ROI. With LinkedIn, if you arent a business professional, odds are, you won’t use LinkedIn on a general basis which narrows the traffic of potential ROI. Overall, I put myself in the shoes of someone relying on one of the two for a positive return on investment and if it were up to me, I would use Facebook because of large number of users on Facebook and the easy networking abilities. Facebook overall seems more appealing for users and consumers.

Reply 2: Jenny Melville

While both Facebook and LinkedIn provide different areas for a business to market products and services, when thinking which would be better for a business and providing the best ROI I would lean towards Facebook for most companies. People use personal social platforms to explore and can find themselves spending quite a bit of time scrolling through the feed. This would be my first point as to why Facebook would provide a better ROI – more users spending more time give businesses a better scope of visibility to consumers. On LinkedIn, consumers are typically scrolling to read articles and find information from their network of people. While this platform does have advantages for companies that are B2B, a typical business that is reaching consumers would not be as successful. Facebook is also a great place for a business to interact and engage with consumers, where LinkedIn is typically a space for users to share information with other users. Overall, Facebook would provide a better ROI for businesses outside of the B2B scope.

discussion and 2 replies